Sphinx venv

Install virtualenv package

sudo dnf install python3-virtualenv

Create and activate venv

python3 -m venv sphinx
source sphinx/bin/activate

Install python package in venv

pip install --upgrade pip
pip install Sphinx
pip install sphinx_rtd_theme
pip list


update packages in virtualenv

pip list --outdated --format=freeze | grep -v '^\-e' | \
cut -d = -f 1 | xargs -n1 pip install -U

Starting Sphinx

Installing your doc directory

You may already have sphinx sphinx installed – you can check by doing:

python -c 'import sphinx'

If that fails grab the latest version of and install it with:

> sudo easy_install -U Sphinx

Now you are ready to build a template for your docs, using sphinx-quickstart:

> sphinx-quickstart

accepting most of the defaults. I choose “sampledoc” as the name of my project. cd into your new directory and check the contents:

home:~/tmp/sampledoc> ls
Makefile     ../_static              conf.py
_build               _templates      index.rst

The index.rst is the master ReST for your project, but before adding anything, let’s see if we can build some html:

make html

If you now point your browser to _build/html/index.html, you should see a basic sphinx site.


Fetching the data

Now we will start to customize out docs. Grab a couple of files from the web site or git. You will need getting_started.rst and ../_static/basic_screenshot.png. All of the files live in the “completed” version of this tutorial, but since this is a tutorial, we’ll just grab them one at a time, so you can learn what needs to be changed where. Since we have more files to come, I’m going to grab the whole git directory and just copy the files I need over for now. First, I’ll cd up back into the directory containing my project, check out the “finished” product from git, and then copy in just the files I need into my sampledoc directory:

home:~/tmp/sampledoc> pwd
home:~/tmp/sampledoc> cd ..
home:~/tmp> git clone https://github.com/matplotlib/sampledoc.git tutorial
Cloning into 'tutorial'...
remote: Counting objects: 87, done.
remote: Compressing objects: 100% (43/43), done.
remote: Total 87 (delta 45), reused 83 (delta 41)
Unpacking objects: 100% (87/87), done.
Checking connectivity... done
home:~/tmp> cp tutorial/getting_started.rst sampledoc/
home:~/tmp> cp tutorial/_static/basic_screenshot.png sampledoc/_static/

The last step is to modify index.rst to include the getting_started.rst file (be careful with the indentation, the “g” in “getting_started” should line up with the ‘:’ in :maxdepth:


.. toctree::
   :maxdepth: 2


and then rebuild the docs:

cd sampledoc
make html

When you reload the page by refreshing your browser pointing to _build/html/index.html, you should see a link to the “Getting Started” docs, and in there this page with the screenshot. Voila!

Note we used the image directive to include to the screenshot above with:

.. image:: ../_static/basic_screenshot.png

Next we’ll customize the look and feel of our site to give it a logo, some custom css, and update the navigation panels to look more like the sphinx site itself.

Sphinx CI

Sphinx pipeline


Sphinx pipeline


Create .gitlab-ci.yml


  - date

  - build
  - check
  - deploy

  stage: build
    - source $HOME/Venv/sphinx/bin/activate
    - cd $HOME/<sphinx_working_dir>
    - make html
    - deactivate
    - master

  stage: check
    - source $HOME/Venv/sphinx/bin/activate
    - cd $HOME/<sphinx_working_dir>
    - make linkcheck
    - deactivate
    - master
  when: on_success

  stage: deploy
    name: guisam
    url: 'https://guisam.xyz'
    - sudo rsync -av --chmod=D750,F640 --chown=www-data:www-data --delete $HOME/<sphinx_working_dir> /srv/guisam.xyz/www
    - master
  when: on_success

Sudoers file

Create /etc/sudoers.d/gitlab-runner

Cmnd_Alias GTR = /usr/bin/rsync -av --chmod=* --chown=* --delete <sphinx_working_dir>/_build/html/ /srv/guisam.xyz/www
gitlab-runner  ALL=NOPASSWD: GTR